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How To Treat A Sunburn

August 2nd, 2015 | Posted by Jean Alfonso in Uncategorized - (0 Comments)

Overview Of Sunburn

Home treatment methods might offer some relief from a minor sunburn.

  • Apply cool cloths to the areas that are sunburned.
  • Take regular cool baths or showers.
  • Place soothing creams that have aloe vera to the affected areas. NoteDo not apply the cream on kids below than age of 2 except if your GP instructs you to do so.
  • A sunburn can cause a headache and slight fever. Rest in a cool room to alleviate the headache. A headache might be caused by dehydration, so sipping liquids might help.
  • There is not much you can do to stop your skin from flaking after a sunburn – it is part of the healing procedure. Ointment might help to get rid of any itching you might have.

Caring For Blisters

There is not much you can do to stop your skin from flaking after a sunburn - it is part of the healing procedure. Ointment might help to get rid of any itching you might have.

There is not much you can do to stop your skin from flaking after a sunburn – it is part of the healing procedure. Ointment might help to get rid of any itching you might have.

Home treatment might help reduce pain, avoid infection, and assist the skin to heal.

  • A minor, unbroken blister will generally heal on its own. Use a moveable dressing to shelter it.
  • If a blister is big and throbbing, it might be best to have it drained.
  • Here is a safe method: clean a needle with alcohol, softly break the edge of the blister, and squeeze the fluid in the blister so that it can drain out. If you have an illness such as cancer, heart disease, diabetes, or HIV, you should not drain a blister because of the possibility of infection.
  • Look out for a skin infection while your blister is healing.

Signs of infection consist of:

  • Increased discomfort, inflammation, irritation, or warmness around the blister.
  • Red smudges spreading away from the blister.
  • Drainage of fluid coming out the blister.

Symptoms To Watch Out For

Phone your GP if any of the following happen while treating a sunburn by yourself:

  • Vision difficulties carry on after you get out of the sun.
  • A high fever develops.
  • Dehydration occurs and you are unable to drink sufficient liquids to substitute the lost fluids.

Related Video On Sunburns

Treating Inflammation

July 19th, 2015 | Posted by Jean Alfonso in Uncategorized - (0 Comments)

Overview of Inflammation

Mild inflammation will eventually decrease on its own. Home treatment might help alleviate symptoms. Inflammation and discomfort are very common with injuries. When you have inflammation, you must look for other signs of injury that might need to be assessed by your GP. If you have a medical illness that might cause inflammation, follow your GP’s guidelines on how to cure your inflammation.

Mild Inflammation

Mild inflammation will eventually decrease on its own. Home treatment might help alleviate symptoms.

Mild inflammation will eventually decrease on its own. Home treatment might help alleviate symptoms.

  • Rest and look after the affected area. Take a break from any activities that might be causing your discomfort or pain.
  • Lift the swollen area on pillows while placing ice on it. Make sure to keep the affected area at or above the level of your heart to help reduce inflammation.
  • Avoid standing and sitting for lengthy periods of time. Exercising the legs reduces the weight, therefore the inflammation will go down.
  • A low-sodium diet might help decrease the inflammation.
  • Drink lots of fluids to help avoid inflammation caused by dehydration.

Taking Medication To Reduce Inflammation

  • Carefully read all instructions on the medication bottle.
  • Make sure you don’t take more than the suggested dosage.
  • Do not take medication if you have had a hypersensitive reaction to it previously.
  • If you have been instructed to avoid a certain medication, phone your GP before you take it.
  • If you are or might be expecting a baby, do not take any medication other than acetaminophen except if your GP has instructed you to do so.

Symptoms To Look Out For

Phone your GP if any of the following take place while treating inflammation at home:

  • Inflammation escalates or spreads.
  • Additional symptoms develop, such as soreness, fever, problem breathing, or a decline in urination.
  • Symptoms become more serious or regular.

Related Video On Inflammation

Overview Of Back Pain

  • Back pain is a common issue that affects a lot of individuals. It generally feels like a pain, strain or stiffness in your back. The pain can be activated by improper posture while standing or sitting, bending clumsily, or lifting heavy items.
  • Back pain is not usually caused by a severe condition and it usually gets better within 3 months depending on the severity.
  • It can be treated by taking pain relievers and keeping active.

Various Types Of Back Pain

Backache usually occurs in the lower back, though it can hit anywhere along your spine. Back pain can also be caused by:

  • Pain in the neck.
  • Direct force to the neck or back.
  • Pain in the shoulder.
  • Frozen shoulder.
  • Pain as a result of a slipped disc.

Treating Back Pain

  • If you suffer from back pain, you must try to stay as active as you can and carry on with your daily activities.
  • Previously, doctors suggested relaxation for back pain, but most professionals now agree that being lethargic for extended periods is not good for your back.
  • Reasonable activity, such as walking, will assist your recovery.
  • You can take pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or paracetamol; if you think the pain is getting worse.
  • To help decrease the pain you can also use hot or cold compression packs. You can purchase compression packs from your local chemist, or some frozen vegetables can alleviate pain and swelling.
  • Visit your nearby pharmacy.

How To Treat Back Pain

  • How you lie, stand, sit and lift can all place strain on your back.
  • Try to stop placing too much force on your back and make sure your back is sturdy and flexible.
  • Consistent exercise, such as swimming or walking, is a great way of avoiding back pain.
  • Activities such as yoga can develop your suppleness and reinforce your back muscles.

Related Video On Back Pain

Overview Of Earaches

Earache is a common grievance, particularly in kids. It is normally caused by an infection in the ear, but can also be caused by:

  • An irritation or allergy;
    Earache is a common grievance, particularly in kids. It is normally caused by an infection in the ear

    Earache is a common grievance, particularly in kids. It is normally caused by an infection in the ear

  • Fluctuations in air pressure;
  • An item lodged in the ear;
  • An injury to the ear; and
  • Deafening noises.

If the pain continues or gets worse, or if you feel ill or have a high temperature, see your GP.

Treating Earaches

Some earaches fade on their own and do not require treatment. Simple pain relievers like paracetamol can assist for pain.

You should visit your GP if:

  • The pain is continuing or deteriorating;
  • You are feeling ill with a high fever;
  • There is an excretion from your ears;
  • It is a kid beneath the age of two who has an ear infection; and
  • You are concerned and uncertain what to do.

Your GP might recommend antibiotics.

Easing Earache Pain:

  • Placing a warm cloth or heat compression to your ear.
  • Covering your ears if icy weather or wind aggravates the symptoms.
  • If you have an expulsion of fluid from the ears, you can lightly rinse the outer ear with some cotton wool. If there is a secretion from both ears, apply a new bit of cotton wool for each ear.

Wax Build-up

  • When wax forms in the ears, it can cause an obstruction. There are some easy ways of managing that.
  • There are drops that you can buy at your local chemist, and they are usually quite effective.
  • The ears, if they are congested, can be injected out by your doctor or a nurse.
  • This is a procedure that is fairly simple; like all medical techniques, it is not completely without danger but does offer relief when done by the correct doctors.

Related Video On Earaches

Overview Of Allergies

  • An essential way of monitoring your allergy is to decrease the indoor allergens that activate your symptoms. You can do this by cleaning carefully and frequently.
  • If you have a sensitivity to certain allergens, take as much care in decreasing the amount of allergens in your house as you do in avoiding allergens outdoors.

Pet Allergies

An essential way of monitoring your allergy is to decrease the indoor allergens that activate your symptoms.

An essential way of monitoring your allergy is to decrease the indoor allergens that activate your symptoms.

  • Pet allergens from the fur of dogs and cats can aggravate your allergies.
  • Kids with pet allergies must be careful when visiting friends or attending parties where there are animals situated.

Decrease the spread of allergens in the house:

  • Don’t let pets into your bedrooms, and keep them out of areas like the kitchen.
  • Clean your pets at least once per week.

Indoor Allergies

  • Apart from pet allergies, the most widespread indoor allergens in homes are dust mites.
  • Bedrooms usually contain a lot of dust mites, but it can appear on surfaces and occur anywhere in the home.
  • Allergens from outdoors such as pollen and pet hair can penetrate the home through the air, particularly during the summertime.
  • They also get into the home by attaching to clothes, hair and skin. Once inside the house, they flow in the air and settle down on soft fixtures and hard surfaces. They might cause issues for anyone suffering from hay fever.

To Get Rid Of Dust Mites

  • Dust the solid surfaces in your house with a damp cloth. The places that collect dust tend to get ignored, such as photo frames, sinks, and so forth.
  • Vacuum rugs and floors every day if possible, and soft furniture twice a week. Also vacuum underneath your bed (where the dust mites love to collect).
  • Make sure you vacuum your mattress and cushions and clean bedding and sheets at very high temperatures, or place sheets, bed covers and soft toys into a plastic packet and place them in the freezer for the day.

 Related Video On Allergies

Overview Of A Facial Injury

An injury to the face can be instigated by anything, such as:

  • Tumbling or tripping over something;
  • Wounding yourself when shaving;
  • Being hit in the face by an item, such as a ball; and
  • Being attacked or hit.

An injury can also consist of:

If you have sustained an injury to your face, you must attempt to stop any blood loss. If you have a slight wound, try to rinse it off or eliminate any debris from it.

If you have sustained an injury to your face, you must attempt to stop any blood loss. If you have a slight wound, try to rinse it off or eliminate any debris from it.

  • Slight grazes and scratches;
  • Contusions;
  • Open lacerations;
  • Nosebleeds; and
  • Cracked bones.

If you have sustained an injury to your face, you must attempt to stop any blood loss. If you have a slight wound, try to rinse it off or eliminate any debris from it. You should also monitor so it doesn’t become infected. If you have a more profound wound, conceal it and see your GP or visit the emergency department.

Grazes And Wounds

Grazes and wounds sustained to the face can often be instigated by tumbling over or knocking into something. If you have a slight cut, injury or lesion on your face, apply some antiseptic cream and cover it properly.

Bruising

A bruise usually appears after you are knocked, pinched or bumped. Some individuals bruise very quickly while others don’t, depending how sensitive your blood vessels are.

A bruise is formed when blood seeps out from the tiny blood vessels beneath the skin. Since the blood has nowhere to flow to, it gathers as a purple/red spot under the skin. The bruise will alter in color and finally fade away.

Nosebleed

While there are several reasons for nosebleeds, they can often take place as a result of a knock or blow to the head or face.

If you have a facial wound that means you cannot place force on your nose to stop the bleeding; go to your nearby emergency unit. You should stay away from any vigorous activity, like participating in sports, for at least one day after the bleeding has ended.

Related Video On Facial Injuries

Understanding A Hernia

  • A hernia happens when nerves or organs protrude through a fragile section in the wall of the stomach.
  • Some hernias are formed at birth. Some take place after a surgical procedure.
  • Sometimes, weaknesses progress in the muscles of the abdomen wall over time and ultimately ‘give out’ producing a hernia.
  • Hernias are normally more common in individuals whose abdomens are under extreme pressure, such as individuals who do a lot of substantial lifting, pregnant, obese, or who have long-lasting constipation.

Hernia Symptoms

Hernias might not result in any symptoms, but classic symptoms consist of:

A hernia happens when nerves or organs protrude through a fragile section in the wall of the stomach.

A hernia happens when nerves or organs protrude through a fragile section in the wall of the stomach.

  • A lump in the groin or stomach;
  • Pain, heaviness or uneasiness, particularly when lifting, straining or coughing; and
  • A heaving feeling around the bulge.

If your GP thinks you might have a hernia, they will observe you. Your GP might ask you to cough or stand while touching the area where the hernia is located.

If the hernia is minor, or if it not causing any complications, then you and your GP might decide to wait and see what comes about.

But if the hernia is very big, or if it’s causing discomfort or getting stuck at times, then a surgical procedure will be suggested.

Surgery

There are two kinds of surgery.

  • With open surgery, the specialist makes an incision near the hernia to restore it with stitches, and might place a piece of webbing to help reinforce the area.
  • With laparoscopic surgery, the specialist makes numerous minor incisions near the hernia. Lengthy tools and a tiny camera (laparoscope) are implanted into the incisions and the images help direct the specialist in mending the stomach wall with stitches.
  • Most individuals need two weeks to fully recuperate.

Related Video On Hernia’s

Overview

Cystitis refers to inflammation or swelling of the bladder. It causes:

  • A burning and frequent need to urinate.
  • Discomfort or stinging when urinating.

Cystitis is generally the effect of an infection in the bladder, but it can also be triggered by irritation or injury. Cystitis triggered by a bladder infection is occasionally referred to as ‘bacterial cystitis’.

If bladder infections are left untreated, they can cause kidney infections.

Cystitis (Females)

Cystitis refers to inflammation or swelling of the bladder.

Cystitis refers to inflammation or swelling of the bladder.

Cystitis is more frequent with females because females have a shorter urethra (the pipe that flows from the bladder out the body), and its opening is positioned near to the anus. This makes it easy for germs from the anus to penetrate the bladder which can lead to infections.

Almost all females will have cystitis at some point. Around 20 percent of females who have experienced cystitis will get it again. Cystitis can take place at any age, but it is more frequent in:

  • Females who are pregnant;
  • Females who are sexually active; and
  • Usually after menopause.

Cystitis (Males)

Cystitis is less frequent with males, but possibly more severe when it does occur. This is because it could be triggered by:

  • A primary bladder or prostate infection; or
  • A blockage in the urinary tract.

Male cystitis is not generally serious if managed quickly, but it can be very excruciating.

Treatment

If you have never had cystitis before, speak to your GP. If you are certain that you have mild cystitis and do not require a GP, there are methods that you can apply yourself.

  • Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as paracetamol can be taken to ease the pain.
  • Drinking lots of water is often suggested as a treatment for cystitis. There is no proof that this is useful, though drinking about 6 glasses of water a day is normally good for your health. Also stay away from alcohol.

Related Video On Bladder Infection

Overview

Lazy eye, also referred to as amblyopia, is a primary childhood disorder where the child’s vision does not develop correctly. It generally affects one eye, but it can take place in both eyes.

If your child is born with a lazy eye, they will not get clear images through one of their eyes, and as a result a clear image will not be transmitted to their brain.

Lazy Eye Might Go Unnoticed

Lazy eye, also referred to as amblyopia, is a primary childhood disorder where the child's vision does not develop correctly.

Lazy eye, also referred to as amblyopia, is a primary childhood disorder where the child’s vision does not develop correctly.

If your child experiences a lazy eye, they might not be aware that there is a problem. Consequently, a lazy eye is often not identified until the child goes for their first eye test.

As the lazy eye is not able to direct clear, images to the brain, the leading symptom of a lazy eye is fuzzy, or double, vision. Some kids might also have a visible squint, a droopy eye, or a cataract.

Eye Treatment

You might not become conscious of the fact that your child has a problem with their sight unless their sight is tested. For instance, if your child has unequal vision (known as anisometropia), the vision in one of their eyes will be excellent and will become the main source of sight. Though, the eye that is not being utilized might become lazy.

Glasses

  • Glasses can be used to correct vision difficulties.
  • These will generally need to be worn permanently so that the orthoptist can examine the effect that they are having on the lazy eye.
  • Glasses might also assist with straightening a squint and, in some instances, can repair the lazy eye without the need for additional treatment.

Related Video On Lazy Eye

Overview Of Facial Injuries

At some point, everybody has had a slight facial injury that caused discomfort, inflammation, or bruising. Home treatment is generally all that is required for minor knocks or bruises.

What Causes Facial Injuries

Facial injuries generally take place during:

  • Sports activities, such as ice soccer, martial arts, rugby, ice hockey, or basketball.
  • On-the-job tasks or DIY tasks around the house.
  • Motor vehicle accidents.
  • Falls.
  • Fights.

With kids, most facial injuries take place while playing sports or caused by falling. Minor facial injuries in young kids tend to be less serious than facial injuries that take place with older kids or adults. Young kids are not as likely to crack a facial bone because they have tough pads that cushion their faces and their bones are more malleable. But young kids are more prone to be bitten in the face by an animal. Head injuries might take place at the same time as a facial injury, so be certain to examine the symptoms of a head injury.

Injury Types

Facial injuries can be caused by a direct hit, piercing injury, or fall. Pain might be sudden and serious. Bruising and inflammation might develop after the injury.

Serious injuries consist of:

  • A cut or lesion to your face or your mouth. This usually occurs with even a slight injury. But a cut or lesion is likely to take place when a facial bone or the jaw is broken. The bone might break through the skin or push into the mouth.
  • Bruises from a slit or rupture of tiny blood vessels underneath the skin.

Treatment

Treating a facial injury might include first aid methods, medication, and in some instances surgery. Treatment is determined by:

  • The position, type, and how severe the injury appears.
  • Time period or when the injury took place.

Examine your symptoms to see if and when you should visit your GP.

Related Video On Facial Injuries